As a business owner who imports and exports a large amount of goods, you rely heavily on transportation and freight services. Furthermore, you place a great deal of trust in the companies that perform those services for you. After all, it is up to them to ensure that your cargo makes it to and from each location safely, so that in the end, it ends up in your consumer’s hands, unharmed.
Lost or damaged cargo poses a serious hit to businesses. They have to cover the financial costs of the cargo, including supply interruption, higher insurance claims, expedited freight costs (to make up for the lost or damaged cargo), lost revenue from cancelled deliveries, and a host of other expenses. In the end, lost or damaged cargo can end up costing a company millions of dollars—money that they did not and should not have had to account for.
If you have suffered the loss or damage of a cargo shipment, you are entitled to lost or damaged cargo recovery. At Garcia & Gurney, ALC, our Pleasanton transportation attorneys can help you file a successful cargo claim and ensure that all of your losses are recovered.
Understanding Liability for Lost or Damaged Freight
According to 49 U.S. Code § 14706, Section (a) – General Liability,
“A carrier providing transportation or service subject to jurisdiction under subchapter I or III of chapter 135 shall issue a receipt or bill of lading for property it receives for transportation under this part. That carrier and any other carrier that delivers the property and is providing transportation or service subject to jurisdiction under subchapter I or III of chapter 135 or chapter 105 are liable to the person entitled to recover under the receipt or bill of lading. The liability imposed under this paragraph is for the actual loss or injury to the property caused by (A) the receiving carrier, (B) the delivering carrier, or (C) another carrier over whose line or route the property is transported in the United States or from a place in the United States to a place in an adjacent foreign country when transported under a through bill of lading and, except in the case of a freight forwarder, applies to property reconsigned or diverted under a tariff under section 13702. Failure to issue a receipt or bill of lading does not affect the liability of a carrier.”
In essence, this law states that any freight carrier need provide a bill of lading – or a receipt of pickup – for any property that it picks up directly from a manufacturer, business entity, or another freight carrier, and it must deliver that property to the proper jurisdiction. Should the property be lost or damaged along the way, the freight carrier is liable, whether they have the bill of lading or not.
There are exceptions to this law, however. Under that same law, under Section(c), Special Rules, subsection 1.A Shipping Waiver, a carrier may establish rates for the transportation of property under which the liability of the carrier is limited to a value established by a written or electronic agreement or contract, and if that value would be reasonable under the given circumstances. Most freight carriers these days smartly include a waiver in their contracts to protect themselves from huge losses and damages. That is why it is extremely important to thoroughly understand your contract terms before engaging in business with any freight carriers.
Protection Against Lost or Damaged Cargo
Due to the protective measures often included in freight carrier contracts, it is oftentimes difficult for clients to file successful claims against the carrier. Because of this, we recommend taking preventative measures in order to protect your cargo from physical or financial loss. Some protective measures we regularly see businesses take include:
Hire a Pleasanton Transportation Law Attorney
It can be difficult to file a successful cargo claim against a freight carrier, as doing so requires you to produce a lot of paperwork and even more evidence. At Garcia & Gurney, ALC, our business attorneys have experience in helping clients file successful cargo claims and in helping them recover the extensive damages accrued from lost or damaged freight. If you are in a business that requires the shipment of large amounts of cargo, it may be in your best interest to have a Pleasanton transportation attorney on retainer, should issues of lost or damaged cargo arise. Contact our Pleasanton law firm at 925-468-0400 or online to schedule a private consultation today.